Resilience and adaptation in informal settlements because they are both among the main urban challenges in the world and Iran. This research have studied the effects of upgrading urban regulations on resilience of informal areas in Iran which can be applied in other countries as well.
Informality and resilience have common features, because both are considered as solutions and survival strategies.
Background and Objective
This research affects and aids revision and improvement of urban legislation frameworks toward underestimating the context and positive characteristics of informal settlements and their resilience and how urban upgrading regulations can be improved to consider positive points of informal areas as well as l areas.
Actions and Implementation
Since one of the main challenged of informal settlements are issues of land and tenure and this study shows how status of ownership can be used for improving resilience.